Azerbaijan celebrates 18th anniversary of death of national leader Heydar Aliyev


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December 12, 2021 12:01 AM (UTC + 04: 00)

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Today marks the 18th anniversary of the death of Azerbaijani national leader Heydar Aliyev. The memory of the national leader is honored both in Azerbaijan and abroad.

Heydar Aliyev was born on May 10, 1923 in Nakhichevan. Having worked in state structures since 1944, Heydar Aliyev since 1964 held the post of deputy chairman of the State Security Committee at the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR and, since 1967 – chairman, has attained the rank of major general. He received special higher education in Leningrad, and in 1957 he graduated from the History Faculty of Azerbaijan State University.

Heydar Aliyev was elected first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Azerbaijan SSR at the July 1969 plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Azerbaijan SSR. Elected member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in December 1982, Heydar Aliyev was appointed first vice-president of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

Heydar Aliyev resigned in October 1987 to protest against the political line followed by the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.

In connection with the bloody tragedy committed by Soviet troops in Baku on January 20, 1990, the next day Heydar Aliyev made a statement to the Azerbaijani mission in Moscow and demanded that the organizers and perpetrators of the crime against the Azerbaijani people be punished. He quit the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in July 1991 to protest against the hypocritical policy of the leadership of the USSR regarding the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

Returning to Azerbaijan in July 1990, Heydar Aliyev lived first in Baku, then in Nakhichevan, and in the same year was elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1991-1993, he was Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan, Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

In 1992 Heydar Aliyev was elected chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party at its founding congress in Nakhichevan.

Heydar Aliyev, who was elected Chairman of the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan on June 15, 1993 by decision of the Milli Majlis (parliament) on June 24, began to exercise the powers of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On October 3, 1993, following a nationwide vote, Heydar Aliyev was elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

He remained president until 2003, resigning from his post in October 2003 due to health concerns.

Following long-term treatment at a clinic in Cleveland, Heydar Aliyev died on December 12, 2003. He was buried in Baku, in the Alley of Honor.

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